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Terms Definitions
Resolution error Resolution error arises from the spatial and temporal resolution in measurement, datasets or models. The possible error introduced by the chosen spatial and temporal resolutions can be assessed by analyzing how sensitive results are to changes in the resolution. However, this is not as straightforward as it looks, since the change in spatial and temporal scales in a model might require significant changes in model structure or parameterizations. For instance, going from annual time steps to monthly time steps in a climate model requires the inclusion of the seasonal cycle of insolation. Another problem can be that data are not available at a higher resolution.
Robust finding A robust finding is "one that holds under a variety of approaches, methods, models, and assumptions and one that is expected to be relatively unaffected by uncertainties" (IPCC, 2001). Robust findings should be insensitive to most known uncertainties, but may break down in the presence of surprises.
Robust policy A robust policy should be relatively insensitive to over- or underestimates of risk. That is, should the problem turn out to be much better or much worse than expected, the policy would still provide a reasonable way to proceed.
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