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Terms Definitions
Conflicting evidence
Context validation Context validity refers to the probability that an estimate has approximated the true but unknown range of causally relevant aspects and rival hypotheses present in a particular policy context. Context validation thus is minimizing the probability that you overlook something of relevance. Context validation can be performed by a participatory bottom-up process to elicit from stakeholders aspects considered relevant and rival hypotheses on causal relations underlying a problem and rival problem definitions and problem framings. See Dunn,1998, 2000.
Cultural theory cultural theory also known as "group grid theory". An explanatory scheme created by Mary Douglas and applied by herself and colleagues as Michael Thompson. It assumes two axes for describing social formations, "group" and "grid"; when these are at "high" and "low", they yield types described as "hierarchist", "egalitarian", " fatalist" and "individualist". Michael Thompson has added a fifth type, residing in the middle, called "hermit". In recent applications the "fatalist" has been eliminated from the scheme.
Recently Ravetz (2001) proposed a modification of the scheme using as dimensions of social variation: Style of action (isolated / collective) and location (insider / outsider), yielding the types: "Administrator", "Business man", "Campaigner", and "Survivor" (ABCS).
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